vc - version control
vc [-a] [-t] [-c char] [-s] [ keyword=value...
This command is obsolete and will be removed in the next
The vc command copies lines from the standard input to the
standard output under control of its arguments and of
``control statements'' encountered in the standard input. In
the process of performing the copy operation, user-declared
keywords may be replaced by their string value when they
appear in plain text and/or control statements.
The copying of lines from the standard input to the standard
output is conditional, based on tests (in control state-
ments) of keyword values specified in control statements or
as vc command arguments.
A control statement is a single line beginning with a con-
trol character, except as modified by the -t keyletter (see
below). The default control character is colon (:), except
as modified by the -c keyletter (see below). Input lines
beginning with a backslash (\) followed by a control charac-
ter are not control lines and are copied to the standard
output with the backslash removed. Lines beginning with a
backslash followed by a non-control character are copied in
A keyword is composed of 9 or less alphanumerics; the first
must be alphabetic. A value is any ASCII string that can be
created with ed; a numeric value is an unsigned string of
digits. Keyword values may not contain blanks or tabs.
Replacement of keywords by values is done whenever a keyword
surrounded by control characters is encountered on a version
control statement. The -a keyletter (see below) forces
replacement of keywords in all lines of text. An uninter-
preted control character may be included in a value by
preceding it with \. If a literal \ is desired, then it too
must be preceded by \.
The following options are supported:
-a Forces replacement of keywords surrounded by control
characters with their assigned value in all text lines
and not just in vc statements.
-t All characters from the beginning of a line up to and
including the first tab character are ignored for the
purpose of detecting a control statement. If a con-
trol statement is found, all characters up to and
including the tab are discarded.
Specifies a control character to be used in place of
the ``:'' default.
-s Silences warning messages (not error) that are nor-
mally printed on the diagnostic output.
vc recognizes the following version control statements:
:dcl keyword[, ..., keyword]
Declare keywords. All keywords must be declared.
Assign values to keywords. An asg statement overrides
the assignment for the corresponding keyword on the vc
command line and all previous asg statements for that
keyword. Keywords that are declared but are not
assigned values have null values.
:end Skip lines of the standard input. If the condition is
true, all lines between the if statement and the
matching end statement are copied to the standard out-
put. If the condition is false, all intervening lines
are discarded, including control statements. Note:
Intervening if statements and matching end statements
are recognized solely for the purpose of maintaining
the proper if-end matching.
The syntax of a condition is:
::= [ ``not'' ] <or>
<or> ::= <and> | <and> ``|'' <or>
<and> ::= <exp> | <exp> ``&'' <and>
<exp> ::= ``('' <or> ``)'' | <value> <op> <value>
<op> ::= ``='' | ``!='' | ``<'' | ``>''
::= <arbitrary ASCII string> | <numeric string>
The available operators and their meanings are:
!= not equal
> greater than
< less than
() used for logical groupings
not may only occur immediately after the if, and when
present, inverts the value of the entire condition
The > and < operate only on unsigned integer values (for
example, : 012 > 12 is false). All other operators take
strings as arguments (for example, : 012 != 12 is true).
The precedence of the operators (from highest to lowest) is:
= != > <
all of equal precedence
Parentheses may be used to alter the order of precedence.
Values must be separated from operators or parentheses by at
least one blank or tab.
Replace keywords on lines that are copied to the stan-
dard output. The two leading control characters are
removed, and keywords surrounded by control characters
in text are replaced by their value before the line is
copied to the output file. This action is independent
of the -a keyletter.
:off Turn on or off keyword replacement on all lines.
Change the control character to char.
Print message on the diagnostic output.
Print message followed by:
ERROR: err statement on line ... (915)
on the diagnostic output. vc halts execution, and
returns an exit code of 1.
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri-
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
| Availability | SUNWsprot |
Man(1) output converted with