passmgmt - password files management
passmgmt -a options name
passmgmt -m options name
passmgmt -d name
The passmgmt command updates information in the password
files. This command works with both /etc/passwd and
passmgmt -a adds an entry for user name to the password
files. This command does not create any directory for the
new user and the new login remains locked (with the string
*LK* in the password field) until the passwd(1) command is
executed to set the password.
passmgmt -m modifies the entry for user name in the pass-
word files. The name field in the /etc/shadow entry and all
the fields (except the password field) in the /etc/passwd
entry can be modified by this command. Only fields entered
on the command line will be modified.
passmgmt -d deletes the entry for user name from the pass-
word files. It will not remove any files that the user owns
on the system; they must be removed manually.
passmgmt can be used only by the super-user.
A short description of the login, enclosed in quotes.
It is limited to a maximum of 128 characters and
defaults to an empty field.
Home directory of name. It is limited to a maximum of
256 characters and defaults to /usr/name.
UID of the name. This number must range from 0 to the
maximum non-negative value for the system. It defaults
to the next available UID greater than 99. Without
the -o option, it enforces the uniqueness of a UID.
-o This option allows a UID to be non-unique. It is used
only with the -u option.
GID of name. This number must range from 0 to the
maximum non-negative value for the system. The default
Login shell for name. It should be the full pathname
of the program that will be executed when the user
logs in. The maximum size of shell is 256 characters.
The default is for this field to be empty and to be
interpreted as /usr/bin/sh.
This option changes the name to logname. It is used
only with the -m option. The total size of each login
entry is limited to a maximum of 511 bytes in each of
the password files.
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri-
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
| Availability | SUNWcsu |
passwd(1), useradd(1M), userdel(1M), usermod(1M), passwd(4),
shadow( 4), attributes(5)
The passmgmt command exits with one of the following
1 Permission denied.
2 Invalid command syntax. Usage message of the passmgmt
command is displayed.
3 Invalid argument provided to option.
4 UID in use.
5 Inconsistent password files (for example, name is in
the /etc/passwd file and not in the /etc/shadow file,
or vice versa).
6 Unexpected failure. Password files unchanged.
7 Unexpected failure. Password file(s) missing.
8 Password file(s) busy. Try again later.
9 name does not exist (if -m or -d is specified),
already exists (if -a is specified), or logname
already exists (if -m -l is specified).
Do not use a colon (:) or RETURN as part of an argument.
It is interpreted as a field separator in the password file.
The passmgmt command will be removed in a future release.
Its functionality has been replaced and enhanced by useradd,
userdel, and usermod. These commands are currently avail-
This command only modifies password definitions in the local
/etc/passwd and /etc/shadow files. If a network nameservice
such as NIS or NIS+ is being used to supplement the local
files with additional entries, passmgmt cannot change infor-
mation supplied by the network nameservice.
Man(1) output converted with