gettxt - retrieve a text string from a message database
gettxt msgfile : msgnum [dflt_msg]
gettxt retrieves a text string from a message file in the
directory /usr/lib/locale/locale/LC_MESSAGES . The direc-
tory name locale corresponds to the language in which the
text strings are written; see setlocale(3C).
Name of the file in the directory
/usr/lib/locale/locale/LC_MESSAGES to retrieve msgnum
from. The name of msgfile can be up to 14 characters
in length, but may not contain either \0 (null) or the
ASCII code for / (slash) or : (colon).
Sequence number of the string to retrieve from
msgfile. The strings in msgfile are numbered sequen-
tially from 1 to n, where n is the number of strings
in the file.
Default string to be displayed if gettxt fails to
retrieve msgnum from msgfile. Nongraphic characters
must be represented as alphabetic escape sequences.
The text string to be retrieved is in the file msgfile,
created by the mkmsgs(1) utility and installed under the
directory /usr/lib/locale/locale/LC_MESSAGES . You control
which directory is searched by setting the environment vari-
able LC_MESSAGES. If LC_MESSAGES is not set, the environment
variable LANG will be used. If LANG is not set, the files
containing the strings are under the directory
If gettxt fails to retrieve a message in the requested
language, it will try to retrieve the same message from
/usr/lib/locale/C/LC_MESSAGES/ msgfile. If this also fails,
and if dflt_msg is present and non-null, then it will
display the value of dflt_msg; if dflt_msg is not present or
is null, then it will display the string Message not
Example 1: The environment variables LANG and LC_MESSAGES.
If the environment variables LANG or LC_MESSAGES have not
been set to other than their default values, the following
example% gettxt UX:10 "hello world\n"
will try to retrieve the 10th message from
/usr/lib/locale/C/UX/msgfile. If the retrieval fails, the
message "hello world," followed by a newline, will be
See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment
variables that affect the execution of gettxt: LC_CTYPE and
Determines how gettxt handles characters. When
LC_CTYPE is set to a valid value, gettxt can display
and handle text and filenames containing valid charac-
ters for that locale. gettxt can display and handle
Extended Unix Code (EUC) characters where any indivi-
dual character can be 1, 2, or 3 bytes wide. gettxt
can also handle EUC characters of 1, 2, or more column
widths. In the "C" locale, only characters from ISO
8859-1 are valid.
Determines how diagnostic and informative messages are
presented. This includes the language and style of the
messages, and the correct form of affirmative and
negative responses. In the "C" locale, the messages
are presented in the default form found in the program
itself (in most cases, U.S. English).
default message files created by mkmsgs(1)
message files for different languages created by
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attri-
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
| Availability | SUNWloc |
| CSI | Enabled |
exstr(1), mkmsgs(1), srchtxt(1), gettxt(3C), setlocale(3C),
Man(1) output converted with