nroff - format documents for display or line-printer


     nroff [-ehiq] [-mname] [-nN] [-opagelist]  [-raN]  [-sN]  [-
     Tname] [-uN]


     The nroff utility  formats  text  in  the  named  files  for
     typewriter-like devices. See also troff(1).

     If no file argument is present,  nroff  reads  the  standard
     input. An argument consisting of a `-' is taken to be a file
     name corresponding to the standard input.


     The following options are supported. Options may  appear  in
     any order so long as they appear before the files.

     -e    Produces equally-spaced words in adjusted lines, using
           full terminal resolution.

     -h    Uses output TAB characters during  horizontal  spacing
           to  speed  output  and reduces output character count.
           TAB settings are assumed to be every 8 nominal charac-
           ter widths.

     -i    Reads the standard input after  the  input  files  are

     -q    Does not print  output  that  was  read  from  an  .rd

           Prepends the macro file  /usr/share/lib/tmac/
           to the input files.

     -nN   Numbers first generated page N.

           Prints only pages whose page  numbers  appear  in  the
           comma-separated  list  of  numbers and ranges. A range
           N-M means pages N through M; an initial -N means  from
           the  beginning  to page N; and a final N- means from N
           to the end.

     -raN  Sets register a (one-character) to N.

     -sN   Stops every N pages. nroff will halt prior to every  N
           pages  (default  N=1) to allow paper loading or chang-
           ing, and will resume upon receipt of a NEWLINE.

           Prepares output for a device of  the  specified  name.
           Known names are:

           37    Teletype Corporation Model 37 terminal - this is
                 the default.

           lp | tn300
                 GE - any line printer or terminal without  half-
                 line capability.

           300   DASI-300.

                 DASI-300 - 12-pitch.

           300S  DASI-300S.


           382   DASI-382 (fancy DTC 382).

           450   DASI-450 (Diablo Hyterm).

                 DASI-450 (Diablo Hyterm) - 12-pitch.

           832   AJ 832.

     -uN   Set the emboldening factor for  the  font  mounted  in
           position  3 to N. If N is missing, then set the embol-
           dening factor to 0.


     Example 1: Formatting with a macro package

     The following command  formats  using  the  -me
     macro package, and stopping every 4 pages:

     example% nroff -s4 -me


     See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment
     variables  that  affect  the  execution  of nroff: LC_CTYPE,


           temporary file (see NOTES)

           standard macro files

           terminal driving tables for nroff

           index to terminal description files


     See attributes(5) for descriptions of the  following  attri-

    |       ATTRIBUTE TYPE        |       ATTRIBUTE VALUE       |
    | Availability                | SUNWdoc                     |
    | CSI                         | Enabled                     |


     checknr(1),  col(1),  eqn(1),  man(1),   tbl(1),   troff(1),
     attributes(5), environ(5), me(5), ms(5), term(5)


     /usr/tmp is currently a symbolic link to /var/tmp.

     Previous documentation  incorrectly  described  the  numeric
     register  yr as being the "Last two digits of current year".
     yr is in actuality  the  number  of  years  since  1900.  To
     correctly  obtain  the  last  two digits of the current year
     through the year 2099, the definition given below of  string
     register  yy  may be included in a document and subsequently
     used to display a two-digit  year.  Notice  that  any  other
     available one- or two-character register name may be substi-
     tuted for yy.

     .\" definition of new string register yy--last two digits of year
     .\" use yr (# of years since 1900) if it is < 100
     .ie \n(yr<100 .ds yy \n(yr
     .el \{             .\" else, subtract 100 from yr, store in ny
     .nr ny \n(yr-100
     .ie \n(ny>9 \{     .\" use ny if it is two digits
     .ds yy \n(ny
     .\" remove temporary number register ny
     .rr ny \}
     .el \{.ds yy 0
     .\" if ny is one digit, append it to 0
     .as yy \n(ny
     .rr ny \} \}

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